Luther despre libertate

SABOU, Sorin, Luther despre libertate / Luther about Liberty, Jurnal teologic, Vol 17, Nr 1 (2018): 47-65.
Institutul Teologic Baptist din București
ssabou@itb.ro

Abstract
The thesis of this paper is that Luther understands liberty in paradoxical terms. On one hand, a Christian experiments liberty in its fullness, because a Christian is a free lord, and on the other hand, a Christian is under the dominion of all. This paradox of a lord-servant is the framework used by Luther to conceive his understanding of liberty. Luther explains this in anthropological and soteriological terms. For Luther, a Christian has two natures, one spiritual, and one bodily; salvation works at both these levels. At the level of the soul, faith is the decisive element which brings liberty to the Christian, and at the level of the body, a Christian practices obedience because of his faith. For Luther, liberty is mainly spiritual, it is a liberty of the heart.

Keywords: Luther, liberty, Reformation, faith, justification
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