Historicity of Adam

The text in Genesis 1 describes the first week of history. The creation of man in God’s image is the climax of God’s creative activity. Adam and Eve are the first humans on the face of the earth. Their life in the Garden of Eden is brought to an abrupt end by their disobedience; this inaugurates the dominion of death. All humans are born in this type of environment, and, in the end, all sin.
Adam as a historical person is an archetype of the Coming One. Christ as the second Adam came in the dominion of sin and death to redeem the human race. The contrast is unequal because of the very different stages in which these two came: one in the Garden of Eden, the other in the dominion of death; one’s disobedience brought condemnation and death, the other’s obedience brought righteousness and life. Where sin increased, grace was more abundant.
This is the historical and theological role of Adam in the history of redemption.
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